Music History & Appreciation

    You will
    listen to three works of music:

    1. La campanella (little bell in Italian), the third of six etudes taken from the
    Six Grand Etudes of Paganini, composed in 1851, by Franz Liszt (1811-
    1886). An etude is a technical study for a given instrument, in this case
    the piano. The purpose of an etude is to develop technical mastery on a
    given instrument. What separates an etude from other technical exercises
    such as scales, is that an etude is so exquisitely written it can be
    performed as a polished work of music in a public recital.
    Nicolai Paganini (1782-1840) was an Italian virtuoso violinist. Liszt
    transcribed some of Paganinis solo violin etudes for the piano. This one
    is considered to be one of the most difficult works ever written for the
    piano.

    2. The third movement from Ludwig van Beethovens (1770-1827)
    Sonata no. 23 in F minor Appassionata (Italian for passionate), Op. 57
    (op. is an abbreviation for the Latin term opus which means work.
    This term is used to categorize composers catalogue of compositions).
    This work derives from Beethovens middle period and is considered to
    be one of his most challenging piano works of music.

    3. Old Badman (2011) for electric cello, was composed by Arthur
    Hernandez (b. 1961) and was commissioned by the cellist Jeffrey
    Krieger, who is principal cellist for the Hartford Symphony Orchestra.
    Here are the program notes for this work:
    Old Badman was commissioned by the e-cellist Jeffrey Krieger in 2008.
    This commission coincided with the passing of the American composer
    Donald Erb (1927-2008). Erb was a great teacher, mentor and friend to
    Arthur Hernandez, and had composed the work, Suddenly, Its Evening,
    for Krieger in 1997. Both Hernandez and Krieger decided that it would
    be appropriate that this new commissioned work be dedicated to the
    enduring memory of Donald Erb. The title, Old Badman comes from
    the last movement of Erbs last large orchestral work, Evensong (1993).
    Old Badman is an American folk legend that Erb humorously adopted as
    a moniker for himself due to the iconoclastic reputation that he had
    developed over his music career. Old Badman (2011) begins with a direct
    quote from the opening motive of the first movement of Evensong,
    followed by a passage of music that, if not a direct quote, is certainly a
    familiar passage in the later music of Donald Erb. From there, Hernandez
    takes this material and creates a uniquely original work of music. Old
    Badman is a single-movement work that lasts approximately ten and a
    half minutes in duration.

    You are to listen to all three works and compose an essay on each work
    (all three works must be written about) describing the
    characteristics and qualities of each one. Please include some of the
    following topics:
    The period of the work
    The genre of the work
    Different music textures heard in the work
    Form(s) of the work
    Musical language consonant? Dissonant? A combination?
    Is this work absolute or programmatic music? Please explain.
    Is this work traditional? Experimental? Both?
    What did you like most about the work? Why?
    What did you like least about the work? Why?

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