Each reply must be 200 words, be written in current APA formatting, and must be supported by assigned
    course assigned reading and/or biblical references.

    ICE Detention Centers Holocaust Implications. I have to admit that I am appalled at the treatment of
    these people! Theres much to be said about collaboration within your study referencing privatized
    detention centers and those owned by states and municipalities. All of which are under the same
    jurisdiction and should be mandated to maintain the same standards, quality of life, and monitored
    properly. There are International Humanitarian Laws that are obviously being violated by the
    overcrowding, unsafe water quality, and unwanted/undocumented medical procedures and lack of care.
    Major crosscutting administrative laws vary in their authorization of collaboration as a public value
    policy and of specific designs, including collaborative networks, public policy dispute resolution,
    mediation, public participation, dialogue, and deliberation (Amsler, 2016).
    However, I am inclined to differ with you on your scripture choice, James 1:12. I believe that
    scripture was referring to the persecuted followers of Christ in biblical days that were jailed because of
    their beliefs in the Messiah. Whereas, the detained today are trying to find asylum in the U.S. and
    make a better life for their families, that became prisoners for it. Further, the Holocaust victims were
    taken and massacred for resisting the change in government radical reform to Nazis. Assuming that the
    immigrants detained are Mexican or of Central/South American decent, why detain them more than
    24 hours when we can send them back across the border? Governments can only stimulate
    environmental conditions that are necessary to generate spontaneous behavior by citizens as individuals
    and groups…programs of involvement and collaboration need to be governed by citizens and
    administered by practitioners…adjusting more vigorously to include transformation of goodwill into
    effective operations (Vigoda, 2002). Can the partnership needed for a collaboration or good
    governance be attained without a covenant involving both parties?
    You also stated that as immigrant detention continues to grow the usage of state and municipal
    prisons…can be addressed by public officials. Well, that may be the problem, or lack thereof when the
    decision-makers should be lobbying not just to demand the standards of the facilities be brought to
    livable conditions, but simultaneously to bring proper reform. In conclusion, I challenge us to in
    everything, then, do to others as you would have them do to you. For this is the essence of the Law and
    the Prophets. Matthew 7:12.

    developing countries ability to control the world pandemic of COVID-19 to ensure the health and safety
    of the land, economics, and people. Scientific research identified the start of COVID-19 originated in
    Wuhan, China (Moon, (2020). While in the earlier stages symptoms of COVID19 seemed like the severe
    acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) (Moon, (2020). After
    multiple infections were studied it was determined COVID-19 was more contagious (Moon, (2020). The
    infection of COVID -19 is seen as the most impactful infectious virus globally (Moon, (2020). COVID has
    impacted the publics financial, health, and psychological fears. The number of infections is more rapid
    than previously mentioned diseases (Moon, (2020). COVID has a height of 2.5 million infections

    worldwide, with more than 160,000 deaths in the span of four months (Moon, (2020). When compared
    to SARS and MERS combined infections totaled 8,096 in the span of eight months (Moon, (2020).
    Harlan Cleveland was the first to use the word governance as a substitute for the term public
    administration. Cleveland stated, What the people want is less government and more governance
    (Frederickson, (2004). The term governance has evolved over time in terms of public administration.
    Public administration started with the understanding of one who implements government policies and
    works as civil servant. In the modern form a person positioned as a public administrator is not only
    accountable for influencing the procedures and systems of governments, they are also held accountable
    for social transparency. One who governs needs to have the ability communicate clearly, plan, organize,
    direct, coordinate, and control government systems.
    China, and South Korea discovered there first verified COVID cases in January 2020. Presented
    challenging conditions as increasing case numbers were verified, cases steadily (Moon, (2020). On
    February 19, 2020 there was a height of 909 newly verified cases. It was determined that the up rise in
    COVID came from religious group Shincheonji service meetings from Kyungbook Province (Moon,
    (2020). Shincheonji beliefs teach the true faith with salvation to be given at the final judgment. Persons
    outside the religious group are believed to be deprived of mercy and demolished (Moon, (2020).
    The South Korean government alerted the public with the red level due to an increase in COVID19 cases
    in Daegu and Kyungbook Province (Moon, (2020). The government sprang into action communicating,
    planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling government systems for the wellbeing of
    their country (Moon, (2020). Measures varied from epidemiological examination of the infected to
    homeopathic care, public, and economic plans (Moon, (2020). the government suffered difficulties in
    bargaining with the religious group when trying to gather data. the South Korean governments well-
    thought-out battle of cases demonstrated innovative and useful answers to COVID19 epidemic (Moon,

    Representation in Collaborative Governance: A Case Study of a Food Policy Council
    This case study focuses on the aspect of representation as a hallmark of democratic governance.
    Representation is the act of having people from different areas with varying perspectives brought
    together in deciding what should be done concerning a particular issue affecting the community or state
    (Koski et al., 2018). The study was based on a food policy council located in the Western United States,
    where representation was applied in public administration to ensure that everything in the region ran
    smoothly. Therefore, collaborative governance involves the community, government, and the private
    sectors that interact and work together to achieve what could not be achieved by a single sector in the
    public administration (Amsler, 2016). However, this requires a set of conditions that must be met to
    ensure that this type of governance runs smoothly.
    The case study brings together management, politics, and law in the public administration in an attempt
    to provide stable governance to a group of people (Koski et al., 2018). From what can be drawn from the
    study, the first condition required for effective collaborative governance is democracy. Society must be
    democratic where each individual has their rights and freedoms to do whatever they want as long as
    they abide by the law (Koski et al., 2018). This will give room for representation in which different

    groups can rise and demand that their opinions be listened to when making decisions affecting them.
    This is a good indicator that collaborative governance is specifically designed to embolden the inclusion
    and participation of different stakeholders and a diversified array of parties in the policymaking process.

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