Applying material from item B and your knowledge, evaluate sociological contributions to our understanding of crime prevention and control. Item B: Societies attempt to prevent and control crime in various ways. These may range from simple prevention strategies to tough punishments aimed at deterring would-be offenders. They may also include policies to tackle the underlying cause of crime. One important type of crime control today is surveillance. This involved monitoring peoples behaviour. Surveillance may also include profiling people in terms of their gender, nationality, or other characteristics to determine what level of risk they pose.