Any topic (writer’s choice)

    Although the Ethics Resource Center conveyed, as of 2013, that 41% of employees reported having witnessed misconduct in the workplacedown from 45% in 2011this percentage remains alarmingly significant (McGregor, 2014). In fact, these statistics seem to indicate an ongoing need to continue to strengthen commitment to ethical business practice. Business professionals and scholars need to know how to face ethical dilemmas and make sound ethical decisions. As a DBA independent scholar and global change agent, you should have a basic understanding of various ethical frameworks and understand how these frameworks influence real-world business decisions. Northouse (2016) stated, Ethical theories that deal with the conduct of leaders are in turn divided into two kinds: theories that stress the consequences of leaders actions and those that emphasize the duty or rules governing leaders actions (p. 333). Business leaders apply their ethical values daily for decision making in business. Understanding and analyzing various ethical frameworks can help you as you work to solve ethical dilemmas.
    To prepare for this Discussion, consider Case 13.2, How Safe Is Safe? on pages 357-358 of Northouse (2019) and review the Albert, Reynolds, and Turan (2015), Lawton and Pez (2015), Hoover and Pepper (2015), and Gustafson (2013) articles provided in this weeks Learning Resources.
    By Day 3
    Post your application of ethical frameworks to the ethical dilemma posed in the case study. In your application, do the following:
    Justify your proposed solution, and explain the reasoning you used to arrive at your solution.
    Incorporate the justifications you provided in response to the Case 13.2.
    Apply the ethical framework(s) outlined in the Learning Resources or in other scholarly literature that aligns with your reasoning. Explain how your reasoning aligns with those frameworks.
    Be sure to support your work with a minimum of two specific citations from this weeks Learning Resources and one or more additional scholarly sources.
    Refer to the Week 6 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this rubric to assess your work.
    Read a selection of your colleagues postings.

    Case 13.2: How Safe Is Safe?
    Perfect Plastics Incorporated (PPI) is a small injection molding plastics company that employs 50 people. The company is 10 years old, has a healthy balance sheet, and does about $4 million a year in sales. The company has a good safety record, and the insurance company that has PPIs liability policy has not had to pay any claims to employees for several years. There have been no major injuries of any kind since the company began.
    Tom Griffin, the owner, takes great pride in the interior design and working conditions at PPI. He describes the interior of the plant as being like a hospital compared with his competitors. Order, efficiency, and cleanliness are top priorities at PPI. It is a remarkably well-organized manufacturing company.
    PPI has a unique approach to guaranteeing safe working conditions. Each year, management brings in outside consultants from the insurance industry and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to audit the plant for unsafe conditions. Each year, the inspections reveal a variety of concerns, which are then addressed through new equipment, repairs, and changed work-flow designs. Although the inspectors continue to find opportunities for improvement, the overall safety improves each year.
    The attorneys for PPI are very opposed to the companys approach to safety. The lawyers are vehemently against the procedure of having outside auditors. If a lawsuit were to be brought against PPI, the attorneys argue that any previous issues could be used as evidence of a historical pattern and knowledge of unsafe conditions. In effect, the audits that PPI conducts voluntarily could be used by plaintiffs to strengthen a case against the company.
    The president and management recognize the potential downside of outside audits, but they point out that the periodic reviews are critical to the ongoing improvement of the safety of everyone in the plant. The purpose of the audits is to make the shop a secure place, and that is what has occurred. Management also points out that PPI employees have responded positively to the audits and to the changes that result.

    (At least use 2 citation from the PDF provided)

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