Any topic (writer’s choice)

    We will be exploring cognitive theories of learning (such as Al Bandura’s) and a bit of the cognitive theories of psychology/therapy (such as Albert Ellis’ REBT and Aaron Beck’s CBT).
    You may have to research this information, and

    for Ellis, this link should help you Ellis

    For Beck ,see
    Changing beliefs can be difficult, and for some, almost impossible.  What do you think makes changing the cognitions (beliefs) so difficult?  What might cause people to resist the changes? Are there ways we can help change beliefs?

    This Video from Dr. Judith Beck should get you started.Dr. Judith Beck (
    [2015] Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Used with permission. (Links to an external site.)

    This is not “modern” thinking, and it has been around for thousands of years. In his works “Meditations”, Marcus Aurelius (Roman Emperor from 161 CE to 180 CE) offers us this, If you are distressed by anything external, the pain is not due to the thing itself, but to your estimate of it; and this you have the power to revoke at any moment. This is reemphasized by his thought that You have power over your mind – not outside events. Realize this, and you will find strength.

    Beck, A. (1979). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books Ltd. Retrieved from hl=en&lr=&id=nSFvAAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT5&dq=aaron+beck+cbt&ots=FedH6vPDZB&sig=rqHgPdWfvHKCphI1rPRzz_e-uiA#v=onepage&q&f=false

    DiGuiseppe, R. & David, O.A. (2015). Rational emotive behavior therapy. In H.T. Prout & A.L. Fedewa (Eds.), Counseling and psychotherapy with children and adolescents (pp. 155 216) Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Retrieved from

    you need links and chapter uploaded, may help…

    here is link to the book:
    Chapter 1 (Introduction to Psychology), Chapter 2 (Research)

    Plan for at least 100 words on the initial response,
    and 50 or more words for each response to at least two colleagues.
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